Family History UK

Default screen resolution  Wide screen resolution  Increase font size  Decrease font size  Default font size  Skip to content

 

If you want to research your family history, ancestry, ancestors, genealogy, family tree or genes - you have reached the RIGHT place here at
Family History UK! . . . . . . . . . . . . .It is all FREE! - Free Genealogy! Free UK Genealogy!

 

 

Today in History

On January 22, 1880
Frigyes Riesz, Hungarian mathematician and pioneer of functional analysis, born.
Powered by FH UK on-this-day-in-history

Wanted Names - Latest Added

Edwards - Glamorgan
Date(s) : 1813-1870
skeer - Kent
Date(s) : 1794 to 1798
gordon - Wigtownshire
Date(s) : 1840 to 1920
Hunt - All UK Countries
Date(s) : 1900 to 2000
Dallywater - Leicestershire
Date(s) : 1797-1808
Dallywater - Leicestershire
Date(s) : 1797-1808
medley - Berkshire
Date(s) : 1828 to 1860
medley - Berkshire
Date(s) : 1828 to 1860
carey - All Scotland
Date(s) : 1870 to 1904
JACKMAN - Canada
Date(s) : 1900 1941
Carroll - London
Date(s) : 1900-2010
williams - U.S.A.
Date(s) : 1936 to 1970
Mahoney - All UK Countries
Date(s) : 1872-1895
Etteridge - Other Country
Date(s) : 1880 to1924
Etteridge - Other Country
Date(s) : 1880 to1924
Etteridge - Other Country
Date(s) : 1880 to1924
coe - Cheshire
Date(s) : 2000
Laskey - All England
Date(s) : 1917-1950
ALLEN - Middlesex
Date(s) : 1828-1888
ALLEN - Middlesex
Date(s) : 1828-1888

Statistics

Visitors: 22423795

Who's Online

Your IP:
23.22.240.119
Your ISP:
amazonaws.com

Syndicate

Add to Google
Home arrow Home arrow Trafalgar - 200 Years on

Wanted Names / Brick Walls - Latest Added

Edwards - Glamorgan
Date(s) : 1813-1870
skeer - Kent
Date(s) : 1794 to 1798
gordon - Wigtownshire
Date(s) : 1840 to 1920
Hunt - All UK Countries
Date(s) : 1900 to 2000

FHUK Community Forum - Recent Posts

Thomas - Stepney
post by: horse
Thomas - Stepney
post by: horse
Thomas - Stepney
post by: horse
Thomas - Stepney
post by: horse
Thomas - Stepney
post by: horse
Trafalgar - 200 Years on PDF Print E-mail
Article Index:
Trafalgar - 200 Years on
Page 2
Page 3
Support us - spread the word: Tag it:
Facebook
Twitter
Digg
Delicious
Reddit
Page 2 of 3

Trafalgar - The Battle:
Battle At Cádiz, in Spain, Admiral Pierre de Villeneuve, hearing that Napoleon had sent a replacement who was on his way to take over Villeneuve's command, the combined French and Spanish fleet finally set sail. It took two days, October 19 and October 20, for the combined fleet to clear the harbour at Cádiz, and on the morning of October 21, the British approached as the Spanish and French ships were still struggling to form up south of Cádiz in light and contrary winds.
The French had 18 ships of the line: Bucentaure, Formidable, Neptune, Indomptable, Algesiras, Pluton, Mont-Blanc, Intrepide, Swiftsure, Aigle, Scipion, Duguay-Trouin, Berwick, Argonaut, Achille, Redoutable, Fougueux, and Heros. The Spanish had 15: Santissima Trinidad, Principe de Asturias, Santa Anna, Rayo, Neptuno, Argonauta, Bahama, Montanez, San Augustin, San Ildefonso, San Juan Nepomuceno, Monarca, San Francisco de Asis, San Justo, and San Leandro.
Nelson had 27 ships of the line: Britannia, Royal Sovereign, Victory, Dreadnought, Neptune, Prince, Temeraire, Tonnant, Achilles, Ajax, Belleisle, Bellerophon, Colossus, Conqueror, Defence, Defiance, Leviathan, Mars, Minotaur, Orion, Revenge, Spartiate, Swiftsure, Thunderer, Africa, Agamemnon, and Polyphemus.
The battle progressed largely according to Nelson's plan. At 11:35, Nelson sent throughout the fleet the famous flag signal, "England expects that every man will do his duty". He then attacked the French line in two columns, leading one column in Victory; while Admiral Collingwood in Royal Sovereign led the other column. As the battle opened, the French and Spanish were in a ragged line headed north as the two British columns approached from the west at almost a right angle. Nelson himself led the north column from Victory, while one of his subordinates, Collingwood, led the south column, flying his flag on Royal Sovereign.
Just before the South column engaged the allied forces, Collingwood said to his officers "Now, gentlemen, let us do something today which the world may talk of hereafter." Because the winds were very light during the battle, all the ships were moving extremely slowly and the lead British ships were under fire from several of the enemy for almost an hour before their own guns would bear. At 12:45, Victory cut the enemy line between Villeneuve's flagship Bucentaure and Redoutable. Meanwhile, Royal Sovereign had already engaged the Spanish Santa Anna. A general mêlée ensued, and during that fight, Victory locked masts with the French Redoutable. The captain of Redoutable had trained his crew to use their muskets to fire on enemy officers on the quarterdeck. A musket bullet fired from the mizzentop of the Redoubtable struck Nelson in the left shoulder, and passed through his body lodging in his spine. Nelson was carried below decks and died at about 16:30, as the battle that would make him a legend was ending in favour of the British.
The British captured 22 vessels of the Franco-Spanish fleet and lost not one. As Nelson lay dying, he ordered the fleet to anchor as a storm was predicted. However, when the storm blew up many of the severely damaged ships sank or ran aground and a few were recaptured by the French and Spanish prisoners overcoming the small prize crews or by ships sallying out from Cádiz.
Â


 
< Prev   Next >

Today in History


budget roller banner




 



Who do you think you are?
The book from the BBC program - a jargon-free idiot's guide to tracing your family history!


All logos and trademarks on this site are the property of Family History UK.
Copyright 2001-2010 Family History UK
Budget Roller Banners Hosted by Easy Family Hosting
Our site is valid CSS Our site is valid XHTML 1.0 Transitional