family history uk
Wanted Names / Brick Walls - Latest Added
Edwards - Glamorgan
Date(s) : 1813-1870
skeer - Kent
Date(s) : 1794 to 1798
gordon - Wigtownshire
Date(s) : 1840 to 1920
Hunt - All UK Countries
Date(s) : 1900 to 2000
 Advanced
Home
Sunday, 28 May 2017
Today in History
On May 28, 1937
Alfred Adler, Austrian psychiatrist, died.
Powered by FH UK on-this-day-in-history
Wanted Names - Latest Added
Edwards - Glamorgan
Date(s) : 1813-1870
skeer - Kent
Date(s) : 1794 to 1798
gordon - Wigtownshire
Date(s) : 1840 to 1920
Hunt - All UK Countries
Date(s) : 1900 to 2000
Dallywater - Leicestershire
Date(s) : 1797-1808
Dallywater - Leicestershire
Date(s) : 1797-1808
medley - Berkshire
Date(s) : 1828 to 1860
medley - Berkshire
Date(s) : 1828 to 1860
carey - All Scotland
Date(s) : 1870 to 1904
JACKMAN - Canada
Date(s) : 1900 1941
Carroll - London
Date(s) : 1900-2010
williams - U.S.A.
Date(s) : 1936 to 1970
Mahoney - All UK Countries
Date(s) : 1872-1895
Etteridge - Other Country
Date(s) : 1880 to1924
Etteridge - Other Country
Date(s) : 1880 to1924
Etteridge - Other Country
Date(s) : 1880 to1924
coe - Cheshire
Date(s) : 2000
Laskey - All England
Date(s) : 1917-1950
ALLEN - Middlesex
Date(s) : 1828-1888
ALLEN - Middlesex
Date(s) : 1828-1888
Statistics
Visitors: 21077579
Who's Online
We have 1 guest online
Your IP:
54.145.118.24
Your ISP:
amazonaws.com
Syndicate
Add to Google
Genes Reunited.co.uk

 

Family History UK  Post your "Wanted Names"-"Brick Walls"- You know those elusive ancestors that just cannot be found - Post them here!
 
Today in History
Advertisement
What is a TITHE? PDF Print E-mail
Support us - spread the word: Tag it:
Facebook
Twitter
Digg
Delicious
Reddit
Since the 10th century everyone paid a tenth of what they produced to support the church. This was called the Tithe. Originally this was in the form of actual goods - wheat, barley, oats etc. Over time the right to receive the tithes often passed out of the hands of the parish priest to others.
FHUK History What is a Tithe?
With the growth of non-conformism the payment of tithes to support a church of which one was not a member became very unpopular. In 1836 Parliament decided that all the tithe payments should be converted to an annual cash payment (the 'rentcharge') instead. Commissioners then surveyed every parish to decide what the original tithe was worth and how much the cash equivalent should be. A list of each property was produced, with the names of the owner and occupier, its size and value, together with a large scale map of the parish. This 'Apportionment' showed how the rentcharge should be shared amongst the various landowners.

England:

The right to receive tithes was granted to the English churches by King Ethelwulf in 855. The Saladin tithe was a royal tax, but assessed using ecclesiastical boundaries, in 1188. Tithes were given legal force by the Statute of Westminster of 1285. Adam Smith criticised the system in The Wealth of Nations (1776), arguing that a fixed rent would encourage peasants to farm more efficiently. The Dissolution of the Monasteries led to the transfer of many tithe rights from the Church to secular landowners, and then in the 1530s to the Crown. The system ended with the Tithe Commutation Act 1836, which replaced tithes with a rent charge decided by a Tithe Commission. The records of land ownership, or Tithe Files, made by the Commission are now a valuable resource for historians.

At first this commutation reduced problems to the ultimate payers by folding tithes in with rents (however it could cause transitional money supply problems by raising the transaction demand for money). Later the decline of large landowners led tenants to become freeholders and again have to pay directly; this also led to renewed objections of principle by non-Anglicans.

The rent charges paid to landowners were converted by the Tithe Commutation Act to annuities paid to the state through the Tithe Redemption Commission. The payments were transferred in 1960 to the Board of Inland Revenue, and finally terminated by the Finance Act 1977.


Scotland:
In Scotland teinds were the tenths of certain produce of the land appropriated to the maintenance of the Church and clergy. At the Reformation most of the Church property was acquired by the Crown, nobles and landowners. In 1567 the Privy Council of Scotland provided that a third of the revenues of lands should be applied to paying the clergy of the reformed Church of Scotland. In 1925 the system was recast by statute and provision was made for the standardisation of stipends at a fixed value in money. The Court of Session acted as the Teind Court. Teinds were finally abolished by the Abolition of Feudal Tenure etc. (Scotland) Act 2000.

Ireland:
Tithes were introduced after the Norman conquest of 1169-1172, and were specified in the papal bull Laudabiliter as a duty to: ...pay yearly from every house the pension of one penny to St Peter, and to keep and preserve the rights of the churches in that land whole and inviolate. However, collection outside the Norman area of control was sporadic.

From the Reformation in the 1500s, most Irish people chose to remain Roman Catholic and had by now to pay tithes valued at about 10% of an area's agricultural produce, to maintain and fund the established state church, the Anglican Church of Ireland, to which only a small minority of the population converted. Irish Presbyterians and other minorities like the Quakers and Jews were in the same situation.

The collection of tithes was violently resisted in the period 1831-36, known as the Tithe War. Thereafter, tithes were reduced and added to rents. With the disestablishment of the Church of Ireland in 1869, tithes were abolished.
 
Next >
Latest News
mediagenic.co.uk roller banner, roll up banners cheap banners




 



Who do you think you are?
The book from the BBC program - a jargon-free idiot's guide to tracing your family history!


Top!
TOP
All logos and trademarks on this site are the property of their respective owner.
Copyright 2002-2016 Family History UK
Design by Mediagenic - Roller Banners UK, Printing & Web Design
Top!
TOP
/* */